What is the history of the council/manager plan?
The plan is an American concept. The first position legally defining, by ordinance, the broad authority and responsibility associated with today's local government manager was in Staunton, Virginia, in 1908. Sumter, South Carolina, was the first city to adopt a charter incorporating the basic principles of council/manager government in 1912. Westmount, Quebec, introduced the plan to Canada in 1913. The first large city to adopt the plan was Dayton, Ohio, in 1914. The first counties to adopt it in the 1930s were Arlington County, Virginia, and Durham County and Robeson County, North Carolina.

Since its establishment, it has become the most popular form of government in the United States in communities of 25,000 or more population. It is popular for local governments in such countries as Canada, Australia, Netherlands, New Zealand, United Kingdom, and West Germany. For more than 80 years, council/manager government has shown durability and flexibility in responding to the changing needs of citizens and their communities.

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1. Can the manager be fired?
2. Do managers participate in local politics?
3. Does the council/manager plan take only one form?
4. Does the manager have to be a local resident at the time the appointment is made?
5. Does the manager participate in policy determinations?
6. How can a community adopt this form of government?
7. How is the manager selected?
8. How many Americans live in communities governed by the council/manager plan?
9. How much citizen participation is possible in this system?
10. Is it a responsive form of government?
11. Is the plan popular in large communities?
12. Is there another organization that supports council/manager government?
13. Is this plan used only in certain kinds of cities?
14. What else does the Code of Ethics cover?
15. What is ICMA?
16. What is the cost impact on the local government of appointing a professional manager?
17. What is the function of the council?
18. What is the history of the council/manager plan?
19. What is the manager's function?
20. What salary does the manager receive?
21. Where do managers get their prior experience?
22. Where does the mayor fit in?